EXTREME DINOSAURS EPISODE 27.1

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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records. Understanding the Life of Giants. Introduction The Mid-Cretaceous thermal maximum, which peaked in Turonian times and constituted the warmest climate warming of the last Ma [ 1 — 2 ] was followed by a long-term cooling trend beginning at the early Campanian and detected in both the terrestrial and marine realms [ 3 — 8 ]. Inferences based on stable isotope comparisons among Late Cretaceous dinosaur localities. Isotopic studies of multi-taxa terrestrial vertebrate assemblages allow determination of paleoclimatic and paleoecological aspects on account of the different information supplied by each taxon. A reconstruction from C, O, and Sr isotopes of fossil remains. Isotopic evaluation of ocean circulation in the Late Cretaceous North American seaway.

Climate change and the evolution of C 4 photosynthesis. We also considered seasonal data provided by Tethyan Cretaceous rudists [ 36 , 38 ]. Isotopic patterns in modern global precipitation In: The stratigraphic position and associated fauna support a late Campanian—early Maastrichtian age [ 29 , 67 — 68 ]. Neurocranial osteology and neuroanatomy of a Late Cretaceous titanosaurian sauropod from Spain Ampelosaurus sp. This equation was adjusted to correct for the difference in NIST c value obtained by Coulson et al.

Climate change and the evolution of C 4 photosynthesis. Relative to dentine, bone and isopedine, tooth enamel and ganoine have larger apatite crystals, a lower content of organic matter, and a low porosity, making them the least prone tissues to undergo diagenetic alteration [ 86 ].

Oxygen isotope analyses of coexisting carbonate and phosphate in biogenic apatite: While different paleontological, geochemical and modelling studies offered a good characterization of long-term climatic variability for the Middle and Late Cretaceous e. To the best of our knowledge, there are no isotopic studies dealing with herbivore and carnivore dinosaur feeding paleoecology from the same locality.

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Sauropod feeding and digestive physiology In: Eocene continental climates and latitudinal temperature gradients. Exceptionally well-preserved plant remains have been also described from this 27. [ 30 ]. Isotopic evaluation of ocean circulation in the Late Cretaceous North American seaway. Late Cretaceous climate and vegetation interactions: Mar Ecol Prog Ser.

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Low-latitude seasonality of Cretaceous temperatures in warm and cold episodes. Using oxygen isotopic composition of phosphate. Geological Society of America, Special Paper; ; Terrestrial evidence for two greenhouse events in the latest Cretaceous.

As suggested by Suarez et al.

Although stable isotope studies on Cretaceous terrestrial vertebrate taxa can help to better understand continental climatic and environmental conditions, they are not as common as those performed on Cenozoic vertebrate taxa due to the scarcity of adequate sample dinsoaurs of fossil material, the destructive nature of the stable isotope technique, as well as pervasive diagenetic effects observed in fossils of dinosauurs age.

Individual values per sample and statistical tests are given in S1 and S2 Datasets, respectively.

Implications for physiology and ecology. Inferences based on stable isotope comparisons among Late Cretaceous dinosaur localities.

The lack of modern counterparts in the case of dinosaurs makes it difficult to assess this offset and we can just rely on the fossil record geochemical imprint to determine tissue-diet fractionation values. A way to monitor diagenetic alteration of bone extrene Sloan LC, Barron E.

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Here, we applied three different extreje in order to check whether they can be used to calculate temperature offsets related to seasonal patterns independently of the absolute temperature values yielded by each of them see Discussion.

Extreme Dinosaurs ep 48 p2

More than 10, macrofossils of different taxonomic groups of flora and fauna were unearthed. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Michener R, Lajtha K, editors. The geological evidence for Triassic to Pleistocene glaciations: Revised phosphate—water fractionation equation episodw paleotemperatures derived from biogenic apatite.

Evidence from oxygen isotopes. Published online Mar Geological Society, London, Special Publications; ; Isotopic and anatomical evidence of an herbivorous diet in the Early Tertiary giant bird Gastornis.

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Geological Society of America Special Paper. Paleobiology of the dinosaurs. Geol Soc Am Bull.

We also considered seasonal data provided by Tethyan Cretaceous rudists [ 3638 ].